What is Changi East?
Changi Airport’s passenger traffic has grown steadily in the past decade, with an average per annum growth of 5.4%. With the prospect of strong aviation growth over the next 20 years, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region, demand for air travel is expected to increase and traffic at Changi Airport is anticipated to grow in tandem.
Spanning a massive 1,080 hectares, the Changi East development will provide future capacity for Changi Airport to ride on the projected growth in air travel. The development will serve to secure Singapore’s air hub status and ensure its continued competitiveness and relevance.
As Changi Airport’s largest expansion project to date, the development includes:
- Changi Airport’s fifth terminal, Terminal 5 (T5)
- A three-runway system
- The construction of tunnels and other underground systems
- Landside and aviation support facilities
- The Changi East Industrial Zone
- Total area of works is equivalent to 667 football fields
- Total length of on-site drainage is equivalent to the length of 435 MRT trains
- Total pavement length in the development is equivalent to Singapore’s Pan Island Expressway
- The development is estimated to be completed around 2030
T5 and Supporting Infrastructure
Scheduled for completion around 2030, T5 will be able to handle up to 50 million passengers per annum (mppa) in its initial phase. This will increase Changi Airport’s total capacity to 135 mppa.
T5 will be linked to the other terminals at Changi Airport, allowing the expanded Changi Airport to be operated as a single, integrated airport for ease of transfer between different terminals with airfield operational efficiency.
New facilities such as navigation aids, airfield lighting systems and a fire station will also be constructed.
The existing third runway, previously used only by the military, will be extended from 2.75km to 4km to handle larger passenger aircraft, and converted for joint military-civilian use.
Under the three-runway programme, almost 40km of new taxiways will also be built to connect the runway with the rest of Changi Airport. This three-runway system is scheduled for completion around the early 2020s.
Changi East Industrial Zone
Expansion of Cargo Facilities
Changi Airport’s cargo facilities, currently located at the Changi Airfreight Centre, will be expanded to the Changi East Industrial Zone (CEIZ) as part of the Changi East Development.
The zone will be developed for airfreight, air express and Maintenance, Repair and Operations (MRO) activities. Together with the remodeled Changi Airfreight Centre, Changi’s handling capabilities will increase from 3 million tonnes annually today, to 5.4 million tonnes per annum in its end-state, when the project is completed.
A Smart Air Cargo Hub
The future expanded air cargo hub will be smarter, more connected and more efficient. The future hub will see enhanced speed and efficiency in the movement of cargo, as well as smart use of data and technology – with a focus on automation.
Strategic infrastructure planning will ensure an increase in operational efficiency, with dedicated lanes for the deployment of autonomous guided vehicles. There will also be direct access to freighter aircraft from the cargo and express terminals, which would speed up cargo flows.
Through the harnessing of technology, the future hub will see a reduction of processing time and improvement in productivity and cargo visibility.
It will also have environmental and workplace sustainability in mind, enabled by the deployment of environmentally-friendly handling equipment, convenient amenities and land transport network for staff.
2014: Start of land preparation works. Planning for T5 begins, including functional design studies and concept development for the terminal.
2015: CAG launched the first of several packages of works to put in place the three-runway system. The works include pavement works, drainage works, security fencing and perimeter roads, mechanical and electrical works, as well as supporting works such as major services and road diversions.
2018: CAG announced the appointment of the Master Building Consultants, comprising three teams, that will provide architectural design and engineering consultancy services for the development of T5. Master Civil Consultants were also appointed; they will provide consultancy services for the design of infrastructure at the landside and airside areas outside of the T5 buildings.
Early 2020s: Operationalisation of the three-runway system.
About 2030: Completion of the initial phase of T5 and the Changi East Industrial Zone.
Frequently Asked Questions
The Changi East development is Changi Airport’s largest development to date, and consists of various programmes. This includes Changi Airport’s T5, a three-runway system, the construction of tunnels and other underground systems, landside and aviation support, as well as the Changi East Industrial Zone.
There are strong traffic growth prospects for the Asia Pacific region, and traffic at Changi Airport is expected to grow in tandem. The airport handled over 60 million passenger movements in 2017, and experienced an average per annum growth of 5.4% over the past ten years. At an average projected 3% to 4% growth per annum in passenger traffic over the next 20 years, the handling capacity of Changi Airport will be fully utilised by the late 2020s.
The Changi East development will provide the necessary capacity for Changi Airport to ride on the growth in the region and ensure that the Singapore air hub continues to stay ahead for the country’s long-term economic growth.
For more information on Changi East, please click here.
Changi Airport's T5, is one of the key programmes under the Changi East development. Scheduled for completion around 2030, T5 will increase Changi’s capacity by up to 50 million passengers per annum in its initial phase. The terminal will enable Changi Airport to safely and effectively handle the projected large volumes of air traffic in the medium to long-term.
The new facilities will enable Changi Airport to be operated as a single, integrated airport across terminals, and offer a more seamless travel experience. Building a larger terminal also allows airline groups to be housed in a single terminal instead of performing split terminal operations. Airlines can also look forward to greater partnerships and network opportunities in Changi Airport.
Works at Changi East are progressively taking place, with different completion dates for its various programmes. The three-runway system will be among the first of the Changi East development works to be completed and it is expected to be operationalised in the early 2020s. The three-runway system will reduce congestion in the airside, allowing for more flight movements in a safe and efficient manner.
For the Changi East development milestones, please click here.
Funding for Changi East will come from three parties – the Singapore Government, Changi Airport Group (CAG) and airport users (including airlines and passengers). The Singapore Government will fund the majority of the project’s development cost.
CAG will commit a substantial portion of its reserves and future surpluses, including earnings from its airport concessions, to the development.
Since July 2018, the Government has introduced a new Airport Development Levy (ADL) for passengers departing from Changi Airport to help fund the Changi East development. At the same time, the Passenger Service and Security Fee (PSSF) for all origin/ destination passengers was also increased, along with revisions to the landing, parking and aerobridge (LPA) fees charged to airlines.